Statistical analysis of night radiance RH using VIIRS day/night band satellite time series data

Jyoti U. Devkota

Abstract


Amount of night lights in an area is a proxy indicator of electricity consumption. This is interlinked to indicators of economic growth such as socio-economic activities, urban population size, physical capital, incidence of poverty. These night lights are generated by renewable and non renewable energy source. In this paper the behavior of night radiance RH data was minutely analyzed over a period of 28 hour; Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite Day/Night Band (VIIRS DNB) satellite earth observation data were used. These 28 hours and 8936 observations time series data is from 2 September 2018 to 4 September 2018. The behavior of night radiance RH data over 122 time intervals was analyzed using box plots. It was seen that the arithmetic mean of RH data is more sensitive than the arithmetic mean of first order difference of RH data. The first order difference of night radiance RH was regressed on night radiance over 110 intervals of time. The box plot of slope and intercept of this linear regression showed the behavior of these regression parameters over 110 intervals of time. It is seen that the data are more scattered with respect to slope than with respect to intercept. 


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