Theory and development of magnetic flux leakage sensor for flaws detection: A review

Nor Afandi Sharif, Rizauddin Ramli, Abdullah Zawawi Mohamed, Mohd Zaki Nuawi


This paper presents a review of state-of-art in the Magnetic Flux Leakage (MFL) sensor technology, which plays an important role in Nondestructive Testing (NDT) to detect crack and corrosion in ferromagnetic material. The demand of more reliable MFL tools and signal acquisition increase as it has a direct impact on structure integrity and can lead to be major catastrophic upon questionable signal analysis. This is because the size, cost, efficiency, and reliability of the extensive MFL system for NDT applications primarily depend on signal acquisition as a qualitative measure in producing a trustworthy analysis. Therefore, the selection of appropriate tools and methodology plays a major role in determining the comprehensive performance of the system. This paper also reviews an Artificial Neural Network (ANN) and Finite Element Method (FEM) in developing an optimum permeability standard on the test piece.  

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