Car following and lane changing behavior using NGSIM and China data

Md Mijanoor Rahman, Mohd. Tahir Ismail, Majid Majahar Ali


Road safety is imperative theme because increasing road fatalities deaths in world. Besides road fatalities, traffic jam is increasing, human is frustrated for uncomfortable journey. The roads safety and passengers comfortable of the roadway system are vastly depended on the Car following (CF) and Lane Changing (LC) features of drivers. CF and LC theory describe the driver behavior by following paths in a traffic stream. In this research, researchers have compared to US-101 Next-Generation-Simulation (NGSIM) data with Beijing forth ring road, China freeways real trajectory data by CF and LC models. The CF data has been calibrated with Genetic Algorithm (GA). Reproducing Kernel Hilbert Space (RKHS) is generated the LC beginning and finishing points. Findings revealed that the CF parameters as maximum acceleration, minimum deceleration, free speed, minimum headway and stopping distance percentages of Chinese data are 74.71%, 79.95%, 66.57%, 0.018% and 65.65% respectively of NGSIM data. After completing the comparison, researchers have been found out optimization safety and comfortable acceleration-deceleration and LC beginning-finishing points of driver behavior. Here this analysis generates the driver behavior at real traffic network on the express highways of specific two roads US-101 (NGSIM) data and Chinese freeways data. Since NGSIM data is well simulated so road traffic is more safety and comfortable for journey.

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International Journal of Advances in Applied Sciences (IJAAS)
p-ISSN 2252-8814, e-ISSN 2722-2594
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